This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site you agree to our use of cookies. To find out more, see our Privacy and Cookies policy.
Close this notification

Table of contents

Volume 302

2018

Previous issueNext issue

2017 International Conference on Aerospace Technology, Communications and Energy Systems (ATCES 2017)
28–30 September 2017, Samara, Russian Federation

Accepted papers received: 11 January 2018
Published online: 8 February 2018

Preface

011001
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
2017 International Conference on Aerospace Technology, Communications and Energy Systems (ATCES 2017)

Abstract

PREFACE

ATCES 2017 was held in Samara University, Russia, from 28-30 September, 2017. ATCES 2017 was Co-organized by Samara University and Asia Pacific Institute of Science and Engineering. The conference provides a useful and wide platform both for display the latest research and for exchange of research results and thoughts in Aerospace Technology, Communications and Energy Systems. The participants of the conference were from almost every part of the world, with background of either academia or industry, even well-known enterprise. The success and prosperity of the conference is reflected high level of the papers received.

The proceedings are a compilation of the accepted papers and represent an interesting outcome of the conference. This book cover 5 chapters: Power plants and Engines construction; Aerospace engines working process; Control systems and Monitoring; Energy Saving & Eficiency; Production and advanced technologies.

We would like to acknowledge all of those who supported ATCES 2017. Each individual and institutional help were very important for the success of this conference. Especially we would like to thank the organizing committee for their valuable advices in the organization and helpful peer review of the papers.

We sincerely hope that ATCES 2017 will be a forum for excellent discussions that will put forward new ideas and promote collaborative researches. We are sure that the proceedings will serve as an important research source of references and the knowledge, which will lead to not only scientific and engineering progress but also other new products and processes.

The event was prepared and conducted with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research on the basis of Grant No. 17-08-20535 (g).

Prof. Evgeniy V. Shakhmatov, Samara University, Russia

Dr. Vladimir Lupandin, Magellan Aerospace Corporation, Mississauga (Toronto), Canada

011002
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
COMMITTEES

Abstract

List of Honorable Chair, Conference Chairman, Conference Co-Chair, Program Chair, Financial Chair, Local Chairs, Technical Committee Member are available in this PDF

011003
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Peer review statement

Abstract

All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

Papers

Power plants and Engines construction

012001
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Study the Vibration Condition of the Blade of the Gas Turbine Engine with an All-metal Wire Rope Damper in the Area Mount of the Blade to the Disk

Vladimir S. Melentjev and Alexander S. Gvozdev

Abstract

Improving the reliability of modern turbine engines is actual task. This is achieved due to prevent a vibration damage of the operating blades. On the department of structure and design of aircraft engines have accumulated a lot of experimental data on the protection of the blades of the gas turbine engine from a vibration. In this paper we proposed a method for calculating the characteristics of wire rope dampers in the root attachment of blade of a gas turbine engine. The method is based on the use of the finite element method and transient analysis. Contact interaction (Lagrange-Euler method) between the compressor blade and the disc of the rotor has been taken into account. Contribution of contact interaction between details in damping of the system was measured. The proposed method provides a convenient way for the iterative selection of the required parameters the wire rope elastic-damping element. This element is able to provide the necessary protection from the vibration for the blade of a gas turbine engine.

012002
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Defining the Field of Existence of Shrouded Blades in High-Speed Gas Turbines

Anatoliy I. Belousov and Sergeiy V. Nazdrachev

Abstract

This work provides a method for determining the region of existence of banded blades of gas turbines for aircraft engines based on the analytical evaluation of tensile stresses in specific characteristic sections of the blade. This region is determined by the set of values of the parameter, which forms the law of distribution of the cross-sectional area of the cross-sections along the height of the airfoil. When seven independent parameters (gas-dynamic, structural and strength) are changed, the choice of the best option is proposed at the early design stage. As an example, the influence of the dimension of a turbine on the domain of the existence of banded blades is shown.

012003
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
LEAKAGE ACCOUNT FOR RADIAL FACE CONTACT SEAL IN AIRCRAFT ENGINE SUPPORT

A S Vinogradov and T V Sergeeva

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the development of a methodology for the radial face contact seal design taking into consideration the supporting elements deformations in different aircraft engine operating modes. Radial face contact seals are popular in the aircraft engines bearing support. However, there are no published leakage calculation methodologies of these seals. Radial face contact seal leakage is determined by the gap clearance in the carbon seal ring split. In turn, the size gap clearance depends on the deformation of the seal assembly parts and from the engine operation. The article shows the leakage detection sequence in the intershaft radial face contact seal of the compressor support for take-off and cruising modes. Evaluated calculated leakage values (2.4 g/s at takeoff and 0.75 g/s at cruising) go with experience in designing seals.

012004
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Development of Advanced Carbon Face Seals for Aircraft Engines

S V Falaleev, P V Bondarchuk and A Yu Tisarev

Abstract

Modern aircraft gas turbine engines require the development of seals which can operate for a long time with low leakages. The basic type of seals applied for gas turbine engine rotor supports is face seal. To meet the modern requirements of reliability, leak-tightness and weight, low-leakage gas-static and hydrodynamic seals have to be developed. Dry gas seals use both gas-static and hydrodynamic principles. In dry gas seals microgrooves are often used, which ensure the reverse injection of leakages in the sealed cavity. Authors have developed a calculation technique including the concept of coupled hydrodynamic, thermal and structural calculations. This technique allows to calculate the seal performance taking into account the forces of inertia, rupture of the lubricant layer and the real form of the gap. Authors have compared the efficiency of seals with different forms of microgrooves. Results of calculations show that seal with rectangular form of microgrooves has a little gap leading to both the contact of seal surfaces and the wear. Reversible microgrooves have a higher oil mass flow rate, whereas HST micro-grooves have good performance, but they are difficult to produce. Spiral microgrooves have both an acceptable leakages and a high stiffness of liquid layer that is important in terms of ensuring of sealing performance at vibration conditions. Therefore, the spiral grooves were chosen for the developed seal. Based on calculation results, geometric dimensions were chosen to ensure the reliability of the seal operation by creating a guaranteed liquid film, which eliminates the wear of the sealing surfaces. Seals designed were tested both at the test rig and in the engine.

012005
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Modal Analysis of Space-rocket Equipment Components

A.A. Igolkin, A.I. Safin and A.B. Prokofiev

Abstract

In order to prevent vibration damage an analysis of natural frequencies and mode shapes of elements of rocket and space technology should be developed. This paper discusses technique of modal analysis on the example of the carrier platform. Modal analysis was performed by using mathematical modeling and laser vibrometer. Experimental data was clarified by using Test.Lab software. As a result of modal analysis amplitude-frequency response of carrier platform was obtained and the parameters of the elasticity was clarified.

012006
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
A Gas Lubricant Combined Support-sealing Node

S V Falaleev, H Nadjari and A S Vinogradov

Abstract

The purpose of the research provided in this article is to develop a gas-dynamic device capable of performing the functions of support sealing, unloading devices for axial thrust bearings and damping of axial vibrations of the rotor. Some kinds of seals applied in supports of aircraft engines are known. A face gas-dynamic seal is one of the most effective and standard technology solution for compressors. As the basic element of the developed device, a face gas-dynamic seal with spiral grooves is considered. It also includes the fundamental mathematical calculation of such devices and the experimental research outcomes that form the basis of which such devices can be produced and adapted for use.

012007
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Simulation of the Vibratory Condition of the Compressor Blade with a Pressed wire Material "MR" Damper Which Located Around the Root Attachment

Alexander S. Gvozdev and Vladimir S. Melentjev

Abstract

When you create a modern gas turbine engines urgent task is to improve the reliability by preventing fatigue damages of rotor blades. Such damage is largely determined by the level of vibration stresses. In this paper, using the finite element method and transient analysis of propose a method calculating the damping characteristics of the plates of the pressed wire material "MR" around the root attachment of the compressor blades of a gas turbine engine. Where taken into account contact interaction between the blades and the impeller disk.

012008
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Development of A Squeeze Film Damper Parametric Model in the Context of a Fluid-structural Interaction Task

Dmitrii K. Novikov and Dmitrii S. Diligenskii

Abstract

The article considers the work of some squeeze film damper with elastic rings parts. This type of damper is widely used in gas turbine engines supports. Nevertheless, modern analytical solutions have a number of limitations. The article considers the behavior of simple hydrodynamic damping systems. It describes the analysis of fluid-solid interaction simulation applicability for the defying properties of hydrodynamic damper with elastic rings ("allison ring"). There are some recommendations on the fluid structural interaction analysis of the hydrodynamic damper with elastic rings.

012009
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Developing Parametric Models for the Assembly of Machine Fixtures for Virtual Multiaxial CNC Machining Centers

A.V. Balaykin, K.A. Bezsonov, M.V. Nekhoroshev and A.P. Shulepov

Abstract

This paper dwells upon a variance parameterization method. Variance or dimensional parameterization is based on sketching, with various parametric links superimposed on the sketch objects and user-imposed constraints in the form of an equation system that determines the parametric dependencies. This method is fully integrated in a top-down design methodology to enable the creation of multi-variant and flexible fixture assembly models, as all the modeling operations are hierarchically linked in the built tree. In this research the authors consider a parameterization method of machine tooling used for manufacturing parts using multiaxial CNC machining centers in the real manufacturing process. The developed method allows to significantly reduce tooling design time when making changes of a part's geometric parameters. The method can also reduce time for designing and engineering preproduction, in particular, for development of control programs for CNC equipment and control and measuring machines, automate the release of design and engineering documentation. Variance parameterization helps to optimize construction of parts as well as machine tooling using integrated CAE systems. In the framework of this study, the authors demonstrate a comprehensive approach to parametric modeling of machine tooling in the CAD package used in the real manufacturing process of aircraft engines.

012010
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
CFD Analysis of A Starved Four-Pad Tilting-Pad Journal Bearing with An Elastic Support of Pads

E F Parovay and S V Falaleev

Abstract

Tilting-pad journal bearings are widely used in technics. Oil starvation operation regime is not common for hydrodynamic bearings. However, correctly designed low-flow journal bearing have to operate efficiently and consistently on high rotor speeds. An elastic support of bearing pads is a set of elastic pins made of steel. Elastic support allows pads to self-align and achieve an optimal operational mode. The article presents the thermohydrodynamic performance of an axial journal bearing. The study deals with 60 mm diameter four-pad tilting-pad journal bearing, submitted to a static load varying from 1000 to 30000 N with a rotating speed varying from 1000 to 10000 rpm. The investigation focuses on numerical studying the characteristics of low-flow tilting-pad journal bearings under oil starvation conditions. Dependencies of the bearing performance on the load, rotational speed of the shaft, and the size of the radial clearance are presented.

012011
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Experimental Research into Noise Emission of A Gear Micropump with Plastic Rotor

L V Rodionov and P D Rekadze

Abstract

The previous researches show that it's possible to replace several parts of gear pump to plastic ones. This substitution leads to cost and noise reduction of the pump. Therefore, the series of acoustic experiments on a test bench were carry-out. Sound pressure levels were recorded with microphone, located in a pipe made of a vacuum rubber. Conducted experiment shows that acoustic characteristics of the micropump depend on the different material of driven rotor. Experimental result indicates that the proposed measures for replacing metal rotor to plastic one reduce micropump noise on the studied modes. The maximum achieved acoustic efficiency on equivalent level is 11 dB.

012012
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Unsteady RANS Simulation of Acoustic Wave Propagation in Pulsation Damper

K A Romanov and G M Makaryants

Abstract

A research on dynamic characteristics of a pipeline pulsation damper is presented in this paper. The study covers an investigation of acoustic wave propagation in a pipeline numerical model. For this purpose, the numerical model which was previously obtained for estimation of hydrodynamic noise after the damper diffuser has been verified. The verification is conducted using URANS model. The simulation results illustrate the adequacy of the present model in calculating acoustic wave propagation. Hence, the acoustic characteristics obtained in further calculations can be regarded as reliable. The numerical results demonstrate that an initially plane acoustic wave does not change its form and the overall amplitude level of acoustic oscillations varies in accordance with changes in the geometry flow cross-section.

012013
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Self-Ignition in Porous Media: Critical Phenomena

E Shchepakina

Abstract

The self-ignition of flammable liquid in an inert porous medium is studied. We obtained the complete classification of the possible scenarios of the process using asymptotic and geometrical techniques. This approach allows us to reveal a critical regime which plays a role of a watershed between the safe processes and self-accelerating regimes that lead to the explosion. The realizability conditions for the critical regime are obtained as the explicit asymptotic expression for the control parameter.

012014
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Signaling Device for the Pre-Emergency State of the Elements of the Rotating Assembly of Steam Compressor of Desalination Plant

A I Danilin, A Zh Chernyavskiy, S A Danilin and E V Blagin

Abstract

This article deals with non-contact exploitation control method based on the treatment of the radio wave signal reflected from controlled gear teeth and its advantages in comparison with traditional methods of gear teeth control. Justification of necessity to use such control method during multiplier gears condition determination during its exploitation is given. Also this article deals with influence of different types of gear wear on typical information parameters of analyzed signals. Disadvantages of the method which are the impossibility of determination of certain types of wear are also taken into account. Certain stages of the development of mathematical model for interaction of first converter with controlled surface. Suggested mathematical model uses only the laws of geometric optics without taking wave processes into account but considering first converter direction diagram influence during its interaction with controlled surface. Structural scheme of developed experimental system for gears teeth condition control for steam compressor. Operation of the experimental system of gear control is given on the base of structural scheme. Core of the developed device is microcontroller STM32 which treat the information received from the sensors as well as connection with computer. Certain elements of the experimental control system as well as its components are described separately. Photos of experimental unit for control for control method development in laboratory conditions are presented. Design of the first converter is given in short.

012015
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Monitoring System of the Operating State of the Gear Wheels of the Torque Multiplier of the Desalination Plant Steam Generator

A I Danilin, V V Neverov, S A Danilin, A A Shimanov and A B Tsapkova

Abstract

The article describes a noncontact operational control method based on the processing of a microwave signal reflected from the controlled teeth of the wheel. In this paper describes the influence of wear patterns on the characteristic information parameters of the analyzed signals. The block diagram in section 3 shows the experimental system for monitoring the operating state of the gear wheels of the steam compressor torque multiplier. The design of the primary converter is briefly described.

012016
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Experimental Study of under-platform Damper Kinematics in Presence of Blade Dynamics

D Botto, C Gastaldi, M M Gola and M Umer

Abstract

Among the different devices used in the aerospace industries under-platform dampers are widely used in turbo engines to mitigate the blade vibration. Nevertheless, the damper behaviour is not easy to simulate and engineers have been working in order to improve the accuracy with which theoretical contact models predict the damper behaviour. Majority of the experimental setups collect experimental data in terms of blade amplitude reduction which do not increase the knowledge about the damper dynamics and therefore the uncertainty on the damper behaviour remains a big issue. In this paper, a novel test rig has been purposely designed to accommodate a single blade and two under-platform dampers to deeply investigate the damper-blade interactions. In this test bench, a contact force measuring system was designed to extensively measure the damper contact forces. Damper kinematics is rebuilt by using the relative displacement measured between damper and blade. This paper describes the concept behind the new approach, shows the details of new test rig and discusses experimental results by comparing with previously measured results on an old experimental setup.

012017
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Present State of "Solid" under-Platform Damper Mechanics at AERMEC - POLITO

M M Gola and C Gastaldi

Abstract

The numerical simulation of friction-damped blades in turbomachinery applications requires knowledge of contact parameters to be introduced in contact models. The equilibrium and kinematics of dampers are dominated by phenomena occurring at the two interfaces between the damper and the corresponding blade platforms. A precise knowledge of parameter values is vital to ensure trustworthy predictions of blades vibration frequency and of the available amount of amplitude damping. Test rigs developed at the AERMEC lab. during the last decade are presented, and reasons for their improvements are explained. These test rigs have the primary purpose to allow direct observations of contact forces and displacements, and the ensuing estimate of contact parameters. The reliability of the measurements and of their processing is demonstrated through a worked out example.

012018
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
System Statement of Tasks of Calculating and Providing the Reliability of Heating Cogeneration Plants in Power Systems

V V Biryuk, A B Tsapkova, E A Larin, M Y Livshiz and L P Sheludko

Abstract

A set of mathematical models for calculating the reliability indexes of structurally complex multifunctional combined installations in heat and power supply systems was developed. Reliability of energy supply is considered as required condition for the creation and operation of heat and power supply systems. The optimal value of the power supply system coefficient F is based on an economic assessment of the consumers' loss caused by the under-supply of electric power and additional system expences for the creation and operation of an emergency capacity reserve. Rationing of RI of the industrial heat supply is based on the use of concept of technological margin of safety of technological processes. The definition of rationed RI values of heat supply of communal consumers is based on the air temperature level iside the heated premises. The complex allows solving a number of practical tasks for providing reliability of heat supply for consumers. A probabilistic model is developed for calculating the reliability indexes of combined multipurpose heat and power plants in heat-and-power supply systems. The complex of models and calculation programs can be used to solve a wide range of specific tasks of optimization of schemes and parameters of combined heat and power plants and systems, as well as determining the efficiency of various redundance methods to ensure specified reliability of power supply.

Aerospace engines working process

012019
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Selecting the Parameters of the Orientation Engine for a Technological Spacecraft

A.I. Belousov and A.V. Sedelnikov

Abstract

This work provides a solution to the issues of providing favorable conditions for carrying out gravitationally sensitive technological processes on board a spacecraft. It is noted that an important role is played by the optimal choice of the orientation system of the spacecraft and the main parameters of the propulsion system as the most important executive organ of the system of orientation and control of the orbital motion of the spacecraft. Advantages and disadvantages of two different orientation systems are considered. One of them assumes the periodic impulsive inclusion of a low thrust liquid rocket engines, the other is based on the continuous operation of the executing elements. A conclusion is drawn on the need to take into account the composition of gravitationally sensitive processes when choosing the orientation system of the spacecraft.

012020
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Numerical Investigation of the Impact of the Compressor Operation Mode on Working Process of the Combustion Chamber

M Yu Orlov, S V Lukachev and V M Anisimov

Abstract

The method of integrated compressor/combustor simulation was used to investigate the impact of flow distortion, appeared due to compressor blades, during the combustion chamber workflow. The method was improved in terms of generating a common grid and of principles of the boundary conditions settings. The geometric model includes four geometric volume bodies: guide vanes of the penultimate stage of high-pressure compressor, the impeller and guide vanes of the last stage and the flow path of combustion chamber. The calculation was carried out for some operation mode of the engine (nominal, 0.7 of nominal and 0.5 of nominal regimes) with and without compressor. The results were compared with the results of combustion chamber simulation without the compressor. Simulations showed that blade wakes extend up to the flame tube head. These wakes influence on the flame tongue, pressure field, temperature and velocity in the recirculation-mixing zone. It can influence on combustion efficiency, ecological performance and on temperature field at the combustor outlet. Thus, the simulations, which take into account combustion chamber and compressor, are more fully represent the characteristics of the working process of the combustion chamber and increase the efficiency of the design of new products.

012021
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Investigation of the Effect of the Non-uniform Flow Distribution After Compressor of Gas Turbine Engine on Inlet Parameters of the Turbine

M Yu Orlov, S V Lukachev and V M Anisimov

Abstract

The position of combustion chamber between compressor and turbine and combined action of these elements imply that the working processes of all these elements are interconnected. One of the main requirements of the combustion chamber is the formation of the desirable temperature field at the turbine inlet, which can realize necessary durability of nozzle assembly and blade wheel of the first stage of high-pressure turbine. The method of integrated simulation of combustion chamber and neighboring nodes (compressor and turbine) was developed. On the first stage of the study, this method was used to investigate the influence of non-uniformity of flow distribution, occurred after compressor blades on combustion chamber workflow. The goal of the study is to assess the impact of non-uniformity of flow distribution after the compressor on the parameters before the turbine. The calculation was carried out in a transient case for some operation mode of the engine. The simulation showed that the inclusion of compressor has an effect on combustion chamber workflow and allows us to determine temperature field at the turbine inlet and assesses its durability more accurately. In addition, the simulation with turbine showed the changes in flow velocity distribution and pressure in combustion chamber.

012022
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Influence of Thrust Level on the Architecture and Optimal Working Process Parameters of a Small-scale Turbojet for UAV

V S Kuz`michev, E P Filinov and Ya A Ostapyuk

Abstract

This article describes how the thrust level influences the turbojet architecture (types of turbomachines that provide the maximum efficiency) and its working process parameters (turbine inlet temperature (TIT) and overall pressure ratio (OPR)). Functional gasdynamic and strength constraints were included, total mass of fuel and the engine required for mission and the specific fuel consumption (SFC) were considered optimization criteria. Radial and axial turbines and compressors were considered. The results show that as the engine thrust decreases, optimal values of working process parameters decrease too, and the regions of compromise shrink. Optimal engine architecture and values of working process parameters are suggested for turbojets with thrust varying from 100N to 100kN. The results show that for the thrust below 25kN the engine scale factor should be taken into the account, as the low flow rates begin to influence the efficiency of engine elements substantially.

012023
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Technology for Transient Simulation of Vibration during Combustion Process in Rocket Thruster

V.M. Zubanov, D.V. Stepanov and L.S. Shabliy

Abstract

The article describes the technology for simulation of transient combustion processes in the rocket thruster for determination of vibration frequency occurs during combustion. The engine operates on gaseous propellant: oxygen and hydrogen. Combustion simulation was performed using the ANSYS CFX software. Three reaction mechanisms for the stationary mode were considered and described in detail. The way for obtaining quick CFD-results with intermediate combustion components using an EDM model was found. The way to generate the Flamelet library with CFX-RIF was described. A technique for modeling transient combustion processes in the rocket thruster was proposed based on the Flamelet library. A cyclic irregularity of the temperature field like vortex core precession was detected in the chamber. Frequency of flame precession was obtained with the proposed simulation technique.

012024
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Technique for CFD-Simulation of Fuel Valve from Pneumatic-Hydraulic System of Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engine

L S Shabliy, D V Malov and D S Bratchinin

Abstract

In the article the description of technique for simulation of valves for pneumatic-hydraulic system of liquid-propellant rocket engine (LPRE) is given. Technique is based on approach of computational hydrodynamics (Computational Fluid Dynamics – CFD). The simulation of a differential valve used in closed circuit LPRE supply pipes of fuel components is performed to show technique abilities. A schematic and operation algorithm of this valve type is described in detail. Also assumptions made in the construction of the geometric model of the hydraulic path of the valve are described in detail. The calculation procedure for determining valve hydraulic characteristics is given. Based on these calculations certain hydraulic characteristics of the valve are given. Some ways of usage of the described simulation technique for research the static and dynamic characteristics of the elements of the pneumatic-hydraulic system of LPRE are proposed.

012025
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Gas-Dynamic Methods to Reduce Gas Flow Nonuniformity from the Annular Frames of Gas Turbine Engines

D Kolmakova and G Popov

Abstract

Gas flow nonuniformity is one of the main sources of rotor blade vibrations in the gas turbine engines. Usually, the flow circumferential nonuniformity occurs near the annular frames, located in the flow channel of the engine. This leads to the increased dynamic stresses in blades and consequently to the blade damage. The goal of the research was to find an acceptable method of reducing the level of gas flow nonuniformity. Two different methods were investigated during this research. Thus, this study gives the ideas about methods of improving the flow structure in gas turbine engine. Based on existing conditions (under development or existing engine) it allows the selection of the most suitable method for reducing gas flow nonuniformity.

012026
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Development of A New Equations Describing Profile Losses in Axial Turbine Blade Row

O Baturin and D Kolmakova

Abstract

Based on the previous investigations, regression equation for calculating the profile losses was found by the least squares based on the analysis of the profile losses nature and using mathematical optimization techniques. This equation makes possible to define the profile loss of axial turbine more accurate than the existing models and equations. It allows the calculation of profile loss values in the axial turbine that differ from the actual value by 10±61% with a probability of 95%. The obtained equation is not only superior to other loss models in statistical criteria, but it also considers the increasing number of factors affecting the profile losses.

012027
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Gas Dynamic Modernization of Axial Uncooled Turbine by Means of CFD and Optimization Software

E Yu Marchukov and I N Egorov

Abstract

The results of multicriteria optimization of three-stage low-pressure turbine are described in the paper. The aim of the optimization is to improve turbine operation process by three criteria: turbine outlet flow angle, value of residual swirl at the turbine outlet, and turbine efficiency. Full reprofiling of all blade rows is carried out while solving optimization problem. Reprofiling includes a change in both shape of flat blade sections (profiles) and three-dimensional shape of the blades. The study is carried out with 3D numerical models of turbines.

012028
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Numerical Investigation of the Influence of the Input Air Irregularity on the Performance of Turbofan Jet Engine

Y Novikova and V Zubanov

Abstract

The article describes the numerical investigation of the input air irregularity influence of turbofan engine on its characteristics. The investigated fan has a wide-blade, an inlet diameter about 2 meters, a pressure ratio about 1.6 and the bypass ratio about 4.8. The flow irregularity was simulated by the flap input in the fan inlet channel. Input of flap was carried out by an amount of 10 to 22,5% of the input channel diameter with increments of 2,5%. A nonlinear harmonic analysis (NLH-analysis) of NUMECA Fine/Turbo software was used to study the flow irregularity. The behavior of the calculated LPC characteristics repeats the experiment behavior, but there is a quantitative difference: the calculated efficiency and pressure ratio of booster consistent with the experimental data within 3% and 2% respectively, the calculated efficiency and pressure ratio of fan duct – within 4% and 2.5% respectively. An increasing the level of air irregularity in the input stage of the fan reduces the calculated mass flow, maximum pressure ratio and efficiency. With the value of flap input 12.5%, reducing the maximum air flow is 1.44%, lowering the maximum pressure ratio is 2.6%, efficiency decreasing is 3.1%.

012029
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Gas-Dynamic Designing of the Exhaust System for the Air Brake

Yu Novikova, E Goriachkin and A Volkov

Abstract

Each gas turbine engine is tested some times during the life-cycle. The test equipment includes the air brake that utilizes the power produced by the gas turbine engine. In actual conditions, the outlet pressure of the air brake does not change and is equal to atmospheric pressure. For this reason, for the air brake work it is necessary to design the special exhaust system. Mission of the exhaust system is to provide the required level of backpressure at the outlet of the air brake. The backpressure is required for the required power utilization by the air brake (the air brake operation in the required points on the performance curves). The paper is described the development of the gas dynamic canal, designing outlet guide vane and the creation of a unified exhaust system for the air brake. Using a unified exhaust system involves moving the operating point to the performance curve further away from the calculated point. However, the applying of one exhaust system instead of two will significantly reduce the cash and time costs.

012030
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Increase of Gas-Turbine Plant Efficiency by Optimizing Operation of Compressors

V Matveev, E Goriachkin and A Volkov

Abstract

The article presents optimization method for improving of the working process of axial compressors of gas turbine engines. Developed method allows to perform search for the best geometry of compressor blades automatically by using optimization software IOSO and CFD software NUMECA Fine/Turbo. The calculation of the compressor parameters was performed for work and stall point of its performance map on each optimization step. Study was carried out for seven-stage high-pressure compressor and three-stage low-pressure compressors. As a result of optimization, improvement of efficiency was achieved for all investigated compressors.

012031
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Study of the Effect of Heat Supply on the Hydrodynamics of the Flow and Heat Transfer in Capillary Elements of Mixing Heads Jet Thrusters

V E Nigodjuk and A V Sulinov

Abstract

The article presents the results of experimental studies of hydrodynamics and those of loobman single-phase and two-phase flows in capillary nozzle elements propellant thrusters and the proposed method of their calculation. An experimental study was performed in capillaries with a sharp entrance edge of the internal diameter of 0.16 and 0.33 mm and a relative length 188 and 161, respectively, in pouring distilled water and acetone in the following range of parameters Reynolds number Re = (0,3 ... 10) centerdot 103, Prandtl number Pr = (2 ... 10), pressure p = (0,1 ... 0,3) MPa, the heat flux q = (0...2)×106 W/m2, the difference of temperature under-heating of liquid Δtn = (5 ... 80)K. The dependences for calculation of single phase boundaries, the undeveloped and the developed surface of the bubble and film key singing of subcooled liquid. It is shown theoretically and experimentally confirmed the virtual absence of areas of undeveloped nucleate boiling in laminar flow. The dependence for calculation of hydraulic resistance and heat transfer in the investigated areas of current. It is shown that in the region of nucleate boiling surface in the flow in capillary tubes, influence of the formed vapor phase on the hydrodynamics and heat transfer substantially higher than in larger diameter pipes.

012032
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Computer Design Technology of the Small Thrust Rocket Engines Using CAE / CAD Systems

V Ryzhkov and E Lapshin

Abstract

The paper presents an algorithm for designing liquid small thrust rocket engine, the process of which consists of five aggregated stages with feedback. Three stages of the algorithm provide engineering support for design, and two stages - the actual engine design. A distinctive feature of the proposed approach is a deep study of the main technical solutions at the stage of engineering analysis and interaction with the created knowledge (data) base, which accelerates the process and provides enhanced design quality. The using multifunctional graphic package Siemens NX allows to obtain the final product –rocket engine and a set of design documentation in a fairly short time; the engine design does not require a long experimental development.

012033
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Pulsations Induced by Vibrations in Aircraft Engine Two-Stage Pump

S A Gafurov, V A Salmina and H Handroos

Abstract

This paper describes a phenomenon of induced pressure pulsations inside a two-stage aircraft engine pump. A considered pumps consists of a screw-centrifugal and gear stages. The paper describes the cause of two-stage pump elements loading. A number of hypothesis of pressure pulsations generation inside a pump were considered. The main focus in this consideration is made on phenomena that are not related to pump mode of operation. Provided analysis has shown that pump vibrations as well as pump elements self-oscillations are the main causes that lead to trailing vortices generation. Analysis was conducted by means FEM and CFD simulations as well by means of experimental investigations to obtain natural frequencies and flow structure inside a screw-centrifugal stage. To perform accurate simulations adequate boundary conditions were considered. Cavitation and turbulence phenomena have been also taken into account. Obtained results have shown generated trailing vortices lead to high-frequency loading of the impeller of screw-centrifugal stage and can be a cause of the bearing damage.

012034
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Aircraft Flight Modeling During the Optimization of Gas Turbine Engine Working Process

A Yu Tkachenko, V S Kuz'michev and I N Krupenich

Abstract

The article describes a method for simulating the flight of the aircraft along a predetermined path, establishing a functional connection between the parameters of the working process of gas turbine engine and the efficiency criteria of the aircraft. This connection is necessary for solving the optimization tasks of the conceptual design stage of the engine according to the systems approach. Engine thrust level, in turn, influences the operation of aircraft, thus making accurate simulation of the aircraft behavior during flight necessary for obtaining the correct solution. The described mathematical model of aircraft flight provides the functional connection between the airframe characteristics, working process of gas turbine engines (propulsion system), ambient and flight conditions and flight profile features. This model provides accurate results of flight simulation and the resulting aircraft efficiency criteria, required for optimization of working process and control function of a gas turbine engine.

012035
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Optimizing Parameters of Axial Pressure-Compounded Ultra-Low Power Impulse Turbines at Preliminary Design

D S Kalabukhov, V M Radko and V A Grigoriev

Abstract

Ultra-low power turbine drives are used as energy sources in auxiliary power systems, energy units, terrestrial, marine, air and space transport within the confines of shaft power N td = 0.01...10 kW. In this paper we propose a new approach to the development of surrogate models for evaluating the integrated efficiency of multistage ultra-low power impulse turbine with pressure stages. This method is based on the use of existing mathematical models of ultra-low power turbine stage efficiency and mass. It has been used in a method for selecting the rational parameters of two-stage axial ultra-low power turbine. The article describes the basic features of an algorithm for two-stage turbine parameters optimization and for efficiency criteria evaluating. Pledged mathematical models are intended for use at the preliminary design of turbine drive. The optimization method was tested at preliminary design of an air starter turbine. Validation was carried out by comparing the results of optimization calculations and numerical gas-dynamic simulation in the Ansys CFX package. The results indicate a sufficient accuracy of used surrogate models for axial two-stage turbine parameters selection

012036
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Learning Data Set Influence on Identification Accuracy of Gas Turbine Neural Network Model

A V Kuznetsov and G M Makaryants

Abstract

There are many gas turbine engine identification researches via dynamic neural network models. It should minimize errors between model and real object during identification process. Questions about training data set processing of neural networks are usually missed. This article presents a study about influence of data set type on gas turbine neural network model accuracy. The identification object is thermodynamic model of micro gas turbine engine. The thermodynamic model input signal is the fuel consumption and output signal is the engine rotor rotation frequency. Four types input signals was used for creating training and testing data sets of dynamic neural network models – step, fast, slow and mixed. Four dynamic neural networks were created based on these types of training data sets. Each neural network was tested via four types test data sets. In the result 16 transition processes from four neural networks and four test data sets from analogous solving results of thermodynamic model were compared. The errors comparison was made between all neural network errors in each test data set. In the comparison result it was shown error value ranges of each test data set. It is shown that error values ranges is small therefore the influence of data set types on identification accuracy is low.

012037
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Optimization of Four-Stage Low Pressure Turbine with Outlet Guide Vane

V Matveev, O Baturin and G Popov

Abstract

The goal of the research was to improve efficiency of four-stage low-pressure turbine with outlet guide vane (LPT) at the design point by optimization the shape of all turbine stator vanes and the stagger angles of all rotor blades. The LPT mathematical model was created by using NUMECA FineTurbo software. Several constraints were imposed the mass flow rate through the LPT and the total pressure ratio at the design point may vary within ±0.5% from the original. Parameters of the stator blade shape and rotor blades stagger angles were obtained. This new geometry of the LPT blades produce a 0.8% increase in efficiency at the design point.

012038
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Mean-line Modeling of an Axial Turbine

A Yu Tkachenko, Ya A Ostapyuk and E P Filinov

Abstract

The article describes the approach for axial turbine modeling along the mean line. It bases on the developed model of an axial turbine blade row. This model is suitable for both nozzle vanes and rotor blades simulations. Consequently, it allows the simulation of the single axial turbine stage as well as a multistage turbine. The turbine stage model can take into account the cooling air flow before and after a throat of each blade row, outlet straightener vanes existence and stagger angle controlling of nozzle vanes. The axial turbine estimation method includes the loss estimation and thermogasdynamic analysis. The single stage axial turbine was calculated with the developed model. The obtained results deviation was within 3% when comparing with the results of CFD modeling.

Control systems and Monitoring

012039
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Modeling Adsorption–Desorption Processes at the Intermolecular Interactions Level

Vera V Varfolomeeva and Alexey V Terentev

Abstract

Modeling of the surface adsorption and desorption processes, as well as the diffusion, are of considerable interest for the physical phenomenon under study in ground tests conditions. When imitating physical processes and phenomena, it is important to choose the correct parameters to describe the adsorption of gases and the formation of films on the structural materials surface. In the present research the adsorption-desorption processes on the gas-solid interface are modeled with allowance for diffusion. Approaches are proposed to describe the adsorbate distribution on the solid body surface at the intermolecular interactions level. The potentials of the intermolecular interaction of water–water, water–methane and methane–methane were used to adequately modeling the real physical and chemical processes. The energies calculated by the B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ method. Computational algorithms for determining the average molecule area in a dense monolayer, are considered here. Differences in modeling approaches are also given: that of the proposed in this work and the previously approved probabilistic cellular automaton (PCA) method. It has been shown that the main difference is due to certain limitations of the PCA method. The importance of accounting the intermolecular interactions via hydrogen bonding has been indicated. Further development of the adsorption-desorption processes modeling will allow to find the conditions for of surface processes regulation by means of quantity adsorbed molecules control. The proposed approach to representing the molecular system significantly shortens the calculation time in comparison with the use of atom-atom potentials. In the future, this will allow to modeling the multilayer adsorption at a reasonable computational cost.

012040
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Fiber-optic Sensor of Tactile Force for Anthropomorphic Robot Grips

SA Matyunin and O G Babaev

Abstract

This paper examines an operating principle of a Fiber-Optic Tactile Force Sensor (FOTFS), describes a linearization method and temperature compensation on transfer characteristics (TC) of the FOTFS. The high linearity of the FOTFS TC (the nonlinearity of the TC does not exceed 0.01% within the range of tactile forces from 0 to 1.4 N) and the high temperature stability of the FOTFS (the temperature coefficient does not exceed 0.0025%/°C within the temperature range from 0 to + 50 °C) are experimentally-confirmed.

012041
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Burnishing Systems: a Short Survey of the State-of-the-art

I N Bobrovskij

Abstract

The modern technological solutions allowing to implement a new technology of surface plastic deformation are considered. The technological device allowing to implement the technology of hyper productive surface plastic deformation or wide burnishing (machining time is up to 2-3 revolutions of workpiece) is presented. The device provides the constant force of instruments regardless the beating, non-roundness and other surface shape defects; usable and easily controlled force adjustment; precise installation of instruments and holders toward the along the worpieces axis; automation of the supply and retraction of instruments. Also the device allowing to implement the technology of nanostructuring burnishing is presented. The design of the device allows to eliminate the effect of auto-oscillations.

012042
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Optimization Parameters of Air-conditioning and Heat Insulation Systems of a Pressurized Cabins of Long-distance Airplanes

Sergey A. Gusev and Vladimir N. Nikolaev

Abstract

The method for determination of an aircraft compartment thermal condition, based on a mathematical model of a compartment thermal condition was developed. Development of solution techniques for solving heat exchange direct and inverse problems and for determining confidence intervals of parametric identification estimations was carried out. The required performance of air-conditioning, ventilation systems and heat insulation depth of crew and passenger cabins were received.

012043
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Architecture Design of Detection and Calibration System for High-voltage Electrical Equipment

Y Ma, Y Lin, Y Yang, Ch Gu, F Yang and L D Zou

Abstract

With the construction of Material Quality Inspection Center of Shandong electric power company, Electric Power Research Institute takes on more jobs on quality analysis and laboratory calibration for high–voltage electrical equipment, and informationization construction becomes urgent. In the paper we design a consolidated system, which implements the electronic management and online automation process for material sampling, test apparatus detection and field test. In the three jobs we use QR code scanning, online Word editing and electronic signature. These techniques simplify the complex process of warehouse management and testing report transferring, and largely reduce the manual procedure. The construction of the standardized detection information platform realizes the integrated management of high-voltage electrical equipment from their networking, running to periodic detection. According to system operation evaluation, the speed of transferring report is doubled, and querying data is also easier and faster.

012044
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Modelling the EDLC-based Power Supply Module for a Maneuvering System of a Nanosatellite

A A Kumarin and I A Kudryavtsev

Abstract

The development of the model of the power supply module of a maneuvering system of a nanosatellite is described. The module is based on an EDLC battery as an energy buffer. The EDLC choice is described. Experiments are conducted to provide data for model. Simulation of the power supply module is made for charging and discharging of the battery processes. The difference between simulation and experiment does not exceed 0.5% for charging and 10% for discharging. The developed model can be used in early design and to adjust charger and load parameters. The model can be expanded to represent the entire power system.

012045
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Estimation of the Thermal Process in the Honeycomb Panel by a Monte Carlo Method

S A Gusev and V N Nikolaev

Abstract

A new Monte Carlo method for estimating the thermal state of the heat insulation containing honeycomb panels is proposed in the paper. The heat transfer in the honeycomb panel is described by a boundary value problem for a parabolic equation with discontinuous diffusion coefficient and boundary conditions of the third kind. To obtain an approximate solution, it is proposed to use the smoothing of the diffusion coefficient. After that, the obtained problem is solved on the basis of the probability representation. The probability representation is the expectation of the functional of the diffusion process corresponding to the boundary value problem. The process of solving the problem is reduced to numerical statistical modelling of a large number of trajectories of the diffusion process corresponding to the parabolic problem. It was used earlier the Euler method for this object, but that requires a large computational effort. In this paper the method is modified by using combination of the Euler and the random walk on moving spheres methods. The new approach allows us to significantly reduce the computation costs.

Energy Saving & Eficiency

012046
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Hybrid Hydro Renewable Energy Storage Model

Asit Kr Dey

Abstract

This paper aims at presenting wind & tidal turbine pumped-storage solutions for improving the energy efficiency and economic sustainability of renewable energy systems. Indicated a viable option to solve problems of energy production, as well as in the integration of intermittent renewable energies, providing system flexibility due to energy load's fluctuation, as long as the storage of energy from intermittent sources. Sea water storage energy is one of the best and most efficient options in terms of renewable resources as an integrated solution allowing the improvement of the energy system elasticity and the global system efficiency.

012047
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Energy Efficiency Model for Induction Furnace

Asit Kr Dey

Abstract

In this paper, a system of a solar induction furnace unit was design to find out a new solution for the existing AC power consuming heating process through Supervisory control and data acquisition system. This unit can be connected directly to the DC system without any internal conversion inside the device. The performance of the new system solution is compared with the existing one in terms of power consumption and losses. This work also investigated energy save, system improvement, process control model in a foundry induction furnace heating framework corresponding to PV solar power supply. The results are analysed for long run in terms of saving energy and integrated process system. The data acquisition system base solar foundry plant is an extremely multifaceted system that can be run over an almost innumerable range of operating conditions, each characterized by specific energy consumption. Determining ideal operating conditions is a key challenge that requires the involvement of the latest automation technologies, each one contributing to allow not only the acquisition, processing, storage, retrieval and visualization of data, but also the implementation of automatic control strategies that can expand the achievement envelope in terms of melting process, safety and energy efficiency.

012048
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Material Selection for Cable Gland to Improved Reliability of the High-hazard Industries

S P Vashchuk, S M Slobodyan, V S Deeva and D S Vashchuk

Abstract

The sealed cable glands (SCG) are available to ensure safest connection sheathed single wire for the hazard production facility (nuclear power plant and others) the same as pilot cable, control cables, radio-frequency cables et al. In this paper, we investigate the specifics of the material selection of SCG with the express aim of hazardous man-made facility. We discuss the safe working conditions for cable glands. The research indicates the sintering powdered metals cables provide the reliability growth due to their properties. A number of studies have demonstrated the verification of material selection. On the face of it, we make findings indicating that double glazed sealed units could enhance reliability. We had evaluated sample reliability under fire conditions, seismic load, and pressure containment failure. We used the samples mineral insulated thermocouple cable.

012049
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Creating an Electronic Reference and Information Database for Computer-aided ECM Design

M.V. Nekhoroshev, N.D. Pronichev and G.V. Smirnov

Abstract

The paper presents a review on electrochemical shaping. An algorithm has been developed to implement a computer shaping model applicable to pulse electrochemical machining. For that purpose, the characteristics of pulse current occurring in electrochemical machining of aviation materials have been studied. Based on integrating the experimental results and comprehensive electrochemical machining process data modeling, a subsystem for computer-aided design of electrochemical machining for gas turbine engine blades has been developed; the subsystem was implemented in the Teamcenter PLM system.

012050
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Mathematical Model of the One-stage Magneto-optical Sensor Based on Faraday Effect

O G Babaev, V D Paranin and L I Sinitsin

Abstract

The aim of this work is to refine a model of magneto-optical sensors based on Faraday's longitudinal magneto-optical effect. The tasks of the study include computer modeling and analysis of the transfer characteristic of a single-stage magneto-optical sensor for various polarization of the input beam and non-ideal optical components. The proposed mathematical model and software make it possible to take into account the non-ideal characteristics of film polaroids observed in operation in the near infrared region and at increased temperatures. On the basis of the results of the model analysis it was found that the dependence of normalized transmission T2) has periodic nature. Choosing the angle (γ 2γ 1) makes it possible to shift the initial operation point and change the sensitivity dT/dγ 2. The influence of the input beam polarization increases with the increase of polaroid parameter deviation from ideal and shows itself as reduction of modulation depth and angular shift of the sensor conversion response.

012051
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Linearization of Positional Response Curve of a Fiber-optic Displacement Sensor

O.G. Babaev, S.A. Matyunin and V. D. Paranin

Abstract

Currently, the creation of optical measuring instruments and sensors for measuring linear displacement is one of the most relevant problems in the area of instrumentation. Fiber-optic contactless sensors based on the magneto-optical effect are of special interest. They are essentially contactless, non-electrical and have a closed optical channel not subject to contamination. The main problem of this type of sensors is the non-linearity of their positional response curve due to the hyperbolic nature of the magnetic field intensity variation induced by moving the magnetic source mounted on the controlled object relative to the sensing element. This paper discusses an algorithmic method of linearizing the positional response curve of fiber-optic displacement sensors in any selected range of the displacements to be measured. The method is divided into two stages: 1 - definition of the calibration function, 2 – measurement and linearization of the positional response curve (including its temperature stabilization). The algorithm under consideration significantly reduces the number of points of the calibration function, which is essential for the calibration of temperature dependence, due to the use of the points that randomly deviate from the grid points with uniform spacing. Subsequent interpolation of the deviating points and piecewise linear-plane approximation of the calibration function reduces the microcontroller storage capacity for storing the calibration function and the time required to process the measurement results. The paper also presents experimental results of testing real samples of fiber-optic displacement sensors.

012052
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Overall Equipment Effectiveness Implementation Criteria

I G Abramova and D A Abramov

Abstract

This article documents the methods applied in production control technics specifically focused on commonly used parameter OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness). The indicators of extensive and intensive use of equipment are considered. Their appointment this is comparison in the same type of production within the industry and comparison of single-type and / or different types of equipment in terms of capacity. However, it is shown that there is no possibility of revealing the reasons for the machine's operation: productive / unproductive, with disturbances. Therefore, in the article reveals the approaches to calculating the indicator characterizing the direct operation of the equipment. The Machine Load coefficient is approaching closely to the indicator of the efficiency of the use of equipment. Methods analysis is proceeded through the historically applied techniques such as "Stopwatch" and "Motion" studies. Was performed the analysis of the efficiency index of OEE equipment using the comparable indexes performance of equipment in the Russian practice. An important indicator of OEE contains three components. The meaning of each of them reflects historically applicable indicators. The value of the availability of equipment indicator is close to the value of the equipment extensibility index. The value of the indicator of the efficiency of work can be compared with the characteristic of the capacity of the equipment and the indicator of the quality level can meet the requirements for compliance with the manufacturing technology. Shown that the sum of the values of the coefficient of "Availability" of the equipment and the value of the "Factor of compaction of working hours" are one. As well as the total value of the indicator "level of quality" and the coefficient of marriage given in the result unit. The measurability of the indicators makes it possible to make a prediction about efficiency of the equipment.

012053
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Development and Calculation of an Energy-saving Plant for Obtaining Water from Atmospheric Air

D A Uglanov, K E Zheleznyak and P A Chertykovsev

Abstract

The article shows the calculation of characteristics of energy-efficient water generator from atmospheric air. This installation or the atmospheric water generator is the unique mechanism which produces safe drinking water by extraction it from air. The existing atmospheric generators allow to receive safe drinking water by means of process of condensation at air humidity at least equal to 35% and are capable to give to 25 liters of water in per day, and work from electricity. Authors offer to use instead of the condenser in the scheme of installation for increase volume of produced water by generator in per day, the following refrigerating machines: the vapor compression refrigerating machines (VCRM), the thermoelectric refrigerating machines (TRM) and the Stirling-cycle refrigerating machines (SRM). The paper describes calculation methods for each of refrigerating systems. Calculation of technical-and-economic indexes for the atmospheric water generator was carried out and the optimum system with the maximum volume of received water in per day was picked up. The atmospheric water generator which is considered in article will work from autonomous solar power station.

012054
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Modelling the High-speed Injector for Diesel ICE

V V Buryuk, S S Kayukov, A A Gorshkalev, A V Belousov, R E Gallyamov and V A Zvyagintsev

Abstract

The article describes the results of research on the option of improving the operation speed of the electro-hydraulically driven injectors (Common Rail) for diesel ICE. The injector investigated in this article is a modified serial injector Common Rail-type with solenoid. The model and the injector parameters are represented in the package LMS Imagine. Lab AMESim with the detailed description of the substantiation and background for the research. Following the research results, the advantages of the proposed approach to analysing the operation speed were detected with outlining the direction of future studies.

012055
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Developing the Model of Fuel Injection Process Efficiency Analysis for Injector for Diesel Engines

M Yu Anisimov, S S Kayukov, A A Gorshkalev, A V Belousov, R E Gallyamov and Yu D Lysenko

Abstract

The article proposes an assessment option for analysing the quality of fuel injection by the injector constituting the development of calculation blocks in a common injector model within LMS Imagine.Lab AMESim. The parameters of the injector model in the article correspond to the serial injector Common Rail-type with solenoid. The possibilities of this approach are demonstrated with providing the results using the example of modelling the modified injector. Following the research results, the advantages of the proposed approach to analysing assessing the fuel injection quality were detected.

012056
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
A Refined Model for Calculation of the Vortex Tube Thermal Characteristics

V.V. Biryuk, A.A. Gorshkalev, D.A. Uglanov, V.V. Urlapkin and S.S. Korneev

Abstract

The article deals with the main types of vortex tubes, provides a brief description of the fundamental principles of the vortex interaction hypothesis. A physical process is represented reflecting the physical essence of the gas flow energetic separation process in the vortex tube due to the intensive turbulent heat exchange from the forced vortex to the free one. A method for refinement of the design characteristics for the cold and hot gas temperatures in a vortex tube through the employment of the gas-dynamic and thermodynamic corrections is proposed. A refined calculation method allows reaching close agreement between the cold gas temperature and the experimental values.

012057
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Efficiency Assessment of the Power Supply System of an Industrial Enterprise Through the Assessment of the Modes of Electric Power Consumption

Gennadii V Miatishkin and Anastasiia S Filinova

Abstract

The paper reviews the terms of the rational consumption and distribution of the energy resources at an enterprise. The authors analyze the significance and the effect of the change of the profile of the energy consumption per hour by the enterprise. The text explores the factors influencing the discipline of the planned electricity and power consumption. The authors present a calculation of the weighted average deviations for consumers and the terms of their assessment. The authors make conclusions concerning the rationality of the means of defining the energy efficiency system through the assessment of the modes of electric energy consumption of an industrial enterprise.

012058
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Correction of Dynamic Characteristics of SAR Cryogenic GTE on Consumption of Gasified Fuel

V A Bukin, A G Gimadiev and G Gangisetty

Abstract

When the gas turbine engines (GTE) NK-88 were developed for liquid hydrogen and NK-89 for liquefied natural gas, performance of the systems with a turbo-pump unitary was improved and its proved without direct regulation of the flow of a cryogenic fuel, which was supplied by a centrifugal pump of the turbo-pump unit (TPU) Command from the "kerosene" system. Such type of the automatic control system (SAR) has the property of partial "neutralization" of the delay caused by gasification of the fuel. This does not require any measurements in the cryogenic medium, and the failure of the centrifugal cryogenic pump does not lead to engine failure. On the other hand, the system without direct regulation of the flow of cryogenic fuel has complex internal dynamic connections, their properties are determined by the characteristics of the incoming units and assemblies, and it is difficult to maintain accurate the maximum boundary level and minimum fuel consumption due to the influence of a booster pressure change. Direct regulation of the consumption of cryogenic fuel (prior to its gasification) is the preferred solution, since for using traditional liquid and gaseous fuels this is the main and proven method. The scheme of correction of dynamic characteristics of a single-loop SAR GTE for the consumption of a liquefied cryogenic fuel with a flow rate correction in its gasified state, which ensures the dynamic properties of the system is not worse than for NK-88 and NK-89 engines.

012059
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Optimizing Virtual Network Functions Placement in Virtual Data Center Infrastructure Using Machine Learning

I P Bolodurina and D I Parfenov

Abstract

We have elaborated a neural network model of virtual network flow identification based on the statistical properties of flows circulating in the network of the data center and characteristics that describe the content of packets transmitted through network objects. This enabled us to establish the optimal set of attributes to identify virtual network functions. We have established an algorithm for optimizing the placement of virtual data functions using the data obtained in our research. Our approach uses a hybrid method of visualization using virtual machines and containers, which enables to reduce the infrastructure load and the response time in the network of the virtual data center. The algorithmic solution is based on neural networks, which enables to scale it at any number of the network function copies.

012060
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Possibility of Thermomechanical Compressor Application in Desalination Plants

E.V. Blagin, A.A. Shimanov, D.A. Uglanov and S.S. Korneev

Abstract

This article deals with estimation of thermocompressor operating possibility in desalination plant with mechanical vapour compressor. In this plant thermocompressor is used instead of commonly used centrifugal compressor. Preliminary analysis shows that such plant is able to operate, however, power consumption is 3.5-6.5 higher in comparison with traditional MVC plant. In turn, utilization of thermocompressor allows avoiding usual high-frequency drive of centrifugal compressor. Drives with frequency of 50 Hz are enough for thermocompressor when centrifugal compressor requires drives with frequency up to 500 Hz and higher. Approximate thermocompressor dimensions are estimated.

012061
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Investigation of the Hydraulic Characteristics of Capillary Elements of the Injector Head of Jet Engines under Conditions of Isothermal Flow of A Liquid

V E Nigodjuk and A V Sulinov

Abstract

The article presents the results of an experimental study of the hydraulic characteristics of capillary elements of the injector head of jet engines in isothermal fluid flow and the proposed method of their calculation. The main geometric dimensions of the capillaries in the experiment were changed in the following range: Inner diameter from 0.16 to 0.36 mm, length from 4.3 to 158 mm and relative length from 25 to 614 and the inlet edge of the capillaries: sharp or smooth the leading edge. As the working fluid during the tests were distilled water, acetone and ethyl alcohol. Based on the results of a study of the dependences for calculation of ultimate losses in laminar and turbulent flow regimes in capillary tubes with smooth and sharp edges input. The influence of surface tension forces on loss of input on a sharp cutting edge. Experimentally confirmed the possibility of calculating the linear coefficient of hydraulic resistance of capillary tubes with a diameter of 0.16-0.36 mm in isothermal stable during the known dependencies that are valid for hydrodynamically smooth round tube.

Production and advanced technologies

012062
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Methods and Algorithms for Computer-aided Engineering of Die Tooling of Compressor Blades from Titanium Alloy

A I Khaimovich and I N Khaimovich

Abstract

The articles provides the calculation algorithms for blank design and die forming fitting to produce the compressor blades for aircraft engines. The design system proposed in the article allows generating drafts of trimming and reducing dies automatically, leading to significant reduction of work preparation time. The detailed analysis of the blade structural elements features was carried out, the taken limitations and technological solutions allowed to form generalized algorithms of forming parting stamp face over the entire circuit of the engraving for different configurations of die forgings. The author worked out the algorithms and programs to calculate three dimensional point locations describing the configuration of die cavity.

012063
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Method to Evaluate Measuring Uncertainty of Probe Radius Compensation with Account for Variation in Measuring Surfaces

Nikolay V. Ruzanov, Vadim A. Pechenin and Michael A. Bolotov

Abstract

This article describes a methodology of evaluating the uncertainty of the contact measurement of freeform surfaces with coordinate measuring machines, taking into account the variation in the form of measured surfaces. This variation is due to machining uncertainties, which appear during production using a particular machining method and technology. Probabilistic estimates of errors of determination of contact points for freeform surfaces were obtained. Use of this model makes it possible to obtain interval estimates of errors with the required confidence level of probability and mathematical expectation. The relations of the probabilistic error estimates at any of the measured points on surface are obtained.

012064
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Production of Space-rocket Technique: Psychological Factor

S P Vashchuk, O A Sviderskiy, O N Ezhova and V V Rovenskaya

Abstract

The article is devoted to the issues of studying the mental and physical condition of the shop workers who assemble carrier rockets and ways of processing their internal conflicts. It is shown that the complexity of the ongoing labor processes, the intensity of production activities and the responsibility for its end result lead to a high level of neurotic workers. The tendency to a long experience of a stressful situation helps them to increase the level of various forms of aggression and create a negative assessment of their official capabilities and successes. It is established that the duration of experiencing a stressful situation depends on coping strategies in the behavioral and emotional spheres.

012065
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Development Algorithm of the Technological Process of Manufacturing Gas Turbine Parts by Selective Laser Melting

A V Sotov, A V Agapovichev, V G Smelov and R R Kyarimov

Abstract

The technology of the selective laser melting (SLM) allows making products from powders of aluminum, titanium, heat-resistant alloys and stainless steels. Today the use of SLM technology develops at manufacture of the functional parts. This in turn requires development of a methodology projection of technological processes (TP) for manufacturing parts including databases of standard TP. Use of a technique will allow to exclude influence of technologist's qualification on made products quality, and also to reduce labor input and energy consumption by development of TP due to use of the databases of standard TP integrated into a methodology. As approbation of the developed methodology the research of influence of the modes of a laser emission on a roughness of a surface of synthesized material was presented. It is established that the best values of a roughness of exemplars in the longitudinal and transversal directions make 1.98 μm and 3.59 μm respectively. These values of a roughness were received at specific density of energy 6.25 J/mm2 that corresponds to power and the speed of scanning of 200 W and 400 mm/s, respectively, and a hatch distance of 0.08 mm.

012066
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
How to Select the most Relevant Roughness Parameters of a Surface: Methodology Research Strategy

I N Bobrovskij

Abstract

In this paper, the foundations for new methodology creation which provides solving problem of surfaces structure new standards parameters huge amount conflicted with necessary actual floors quantity of surfaces structure parameters which is related to measurement complexity decreasing are considered. At the moment, there is no single assessment of the importance of a parameters. The approval of presented methodology for aerospace cluster components surfaces allows to create necessary foundation, to develop scientific estimation of surfaces texture parameters, to obtain material for investigators of chosen technological procedure. The methods necessary for further work, the creation of a fundamental reserve and development as a scientific direction for assessing the significance of microgeometry parameters are selected.

012067
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Optimization of Selective Laser Melting by Evaluation Method of Multiple Quality Characteristics

A I Khaimovich, I S Stepanenko and V G Smelov

Abstract

Article describes the adoption of the Taguchi method in selective laser melting process of sector of combustion chamber by numerical and natural experiments for achieving minimum temperature deformation. The aim was to produce a quality part with minimum amount of numeric experiments. For the study, the following optimization parameters (independent factors) were chosen: the laser beam power and velocity; two factors for compensating the effect of the residual thermal stresses: the scale factor of the preliminary correction of the part geometry and the number of additional reinforcing elements. We used an orthogonal plan of 9 experiments with a factor variation at three levels (L9). As quality criterias, the values of distortions for 9 zones of the combustion chamber and the maximum strength of the material of the chamber were chosen. Since the quality parameters are multidirectional, a grey relational analysis was used to solve the optimization problem for multiple quality parameters. As a result, according to the parameters obtained, the combustion chamber segments of the gas turbine engine were manufactured.

012068
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Information Pattern in Imaging of a Rough Surface

S R Abul'khanov and N L Kazanskiy

Abstract

In this paper, we have proposed a method of parametrization of a rough surface image based on its information pattern. We have determined that the image information pattern makes it possible to keep track of any variations in the number of pixels in the image of the controlled rough surface of at least 0.192 per cent of the total number of image pixels. The offered method permits to compensate a non-linear perception of the controlled surface by a human eye. We have determined a ratio of the number of these pixels to the total number of image pixels. Such ratios, was treated as a certain square area. We packed this squares without intercrossings in the square of 2. This type of squares packing was designated as an information pattern. Using the information pattern, the parameter value was obtained. We have determined that the parameter value can keep track of any variations of the number of pixels in the image of the rough surface from at least 0.192 percent.

012069
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Impact of Grinding Wheel Position on Flute Profile of End mill and Cutting Process

Alexey N Zhidyaev

Abstract

The article provides the research on flute profile of end mills. The flute profile of a specified end mill design is affected by grinding wheel position relative to end mill workpiece in grinding operation. Different profiles were obtained, their rake surfaces and cross section areas were compared. Temperatures and cutting forces were evaluated via finite element analysis for these profiles in case of titanium alloy and heat-resistant alloy machining. Finally, the impact of flute profile on cutting process was assessed.

012070
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Softening of Low-alloyed Titanium Billets with Laser Annealing

Serguei P. Murzin and Nikolay L. Kazanskiy

Abstract

An experimental study of work-hardened metal release conditions and recrystallized structure formation with laser heating, which showed the possibility of these processes in low-alloy titanium was performed. Studies of treated materials properties showed that using of laser annealing enhances ultimate tensile strain and reduces minimum bend angle for cold deformation of rolled sheet metal parts of these materials. Using of laser annealing for local softening before shaping billets of titanium alloys allows to improve the accuracy of parts manufacturing by reducing their springy action. This provides an opportunity to expand their shaping options without additional heating.

012071
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
New Metamaterials with Combined Subnano - and Mesoscale Topology for High-efficiency Catalytic Combustion Chambers of Innovative Gas Turbine Engines

Yu A Knysh and G G Xanthopoulou

Abstract

The object of the study is a catalytic combustion chamber that provides a highly efficient combustion process through the use of effects: heat recovery from combustion, microvortex heat transfer, catalytic reaction and acoustic resonance. High efficiency is provided by a complex of related technologies: technologies for combustion products heat transfer (recuperation) to initial mixture, catalytic processes technology, technology for calculating effective combustion processes based on microvortex matrices, technology for designing metamaterials structures and technology for obtaining the required topology product by laser fusion of metal powder compositions. The mesoscale level structure provides combustion process with the use of a microvortex effect with a high intensity of heat and mass transfer. High surface area (extremely high area-to-volume ratio) created due to nanoscale periodic structure and ensures catalytic reactions efficiency. Produced metamaterial is the first multiscale product of new concept which due to combination of different scale level periodic topologies provides qualitatively new set of product properties. This research is aimed at solving simultaneously two global problems of the present: ensure environmental safety of transport systems and power industry, as well as the economy and rational use of energy resources, providing humanity with energy now and in the foreseeable future.

012072
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Formation of A Non-detachable Welded Titanium-aluminium Compound by Laser Action

Serguei P. Murzin

Abstract

Progressive in the welding of dissimilar materials is the use of laser technology. With the use of the ROFIN StarWeld Manual Performance laser, an aluminium alloy AK4 and a titanium alloy VT5-1 were welded. Processing regimes have been determined, the realization of which during melting of materials in the zone of thermal influence makes it possible to obtain a homogeneous structure without voids and shells, which indicates a potential sufficiently high serviceability of the welded joint. To create the required power density distribution in the cross section of the laser beam, it is expedient to use diffractive optical elements.

012073
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Elastic, Frictional, Strength and Dynamic Characteristics of the Bell Shape Shock Absorbers Made of MR Wire Material

G V Lazutkin, D P Davydov, K V Boyarov and T V Volkova

Abstract

The results of the mechanical characteristic experimental studies are presented for the shock absorbers of DKU type with the elastic elements of the bell shape made of MR material and obtained by the cold pressing of mutually crossing wire spirals with their inclusion in the array of reinforcing wire harnesses. The design analysis and the technology of MR production based on the methods of similarity theory and dimensional analysis revealed the dimensionless determined and determining parameters of elastic frictional, dynamic and strength characteristics under the static and dynamic loading of vibration isolators. The main similarity criteria of mechanical characteristics for vibration isolators and their graphical and analytical representation are determined, taking into account the coefficients of these (affine) transformations of the hysteresis loop family field.

012074
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Influence of Porous Material MR Structure on its Flow Characteristics

A M Zhizhkin, G V Lazutkin, D P Davydov and T D Volkova

Abstract

Existing presentation of MR (metal rubber) material structure by its hydraulic (average) diameter of inner space for hydrodynamic equations is non-complete for understanding of influence of structure on hydrodynamic characteristics of MR material. Analysis of existing results of MR structure researches for porous structures shows that relative geometrical size of porous structure provides large influence on its average diameter. Therefore, it is proposed in a present research to determine a thick-wall and thin-wall porous details made of MR material. It is shown that placement of elements of solid phase is connected with value of parameter of density of pore distribution by size α, which is typical for gamma-distribution. Thus, it is proposed to use the dimensionless parameter α as characteristics of non-uniformity of MR material macrostructure. It is proved that for hydraulic equations the structure of porous detail made of material MR for direction perpendicular to liquid flow is determined univalent by effective hydraulic diameter proposed in the present paper. This diameter depends not only on average pores diameter but on parameter α too. Generalized dependency is obtained; it is possible to use it for calculation of hydraulic losses both in thick-wall and thin-wall details made of MR material by well-known and new technologies of manufacturing.

012075
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Copper Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Biological Activity

A S Satyvaldiev, Z K Zhasnakunov, E Omurzak, T D Doolotkeldieva, S T Bobusheva, G T Orozmatova and Z Kelgenbaeva

Abstract

By means of XRD and FESEM analysis, it is established that copper nanoparticles with sizes less than 10 nm are formed during the chemical reduction, which form aggregates mainly with spherical shape. Presence of gelatin during the chemical reduction of copper induced formation of smaller size distribution nanoparticles than that of nanoparticles synthesized without gelatin and it can be related to formation of protective layer. Synthesized Cu nano-powders have sufficiently high activity against the Erwinia amylovora bacterium, and the bacterial growth inhibition depends on the Cu nanoparticles concentration. At a concentration of 5 mg / ml of Cu nanoparticles, the exciter growth inhibition zone reaches a maximum value within 72 hours and the lysis zone is 20 mm, and at a concentration of 1 mg / ml this value is 16 mm, which also indicates the significant antibacterial activity of this sample.

012076
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Synthesis of Nanomaterials by the Pulsed Plasma in Liquid and their Bio-medical Applications

E Omurzak, Z Abdullaeva, A Satyvaldiev, Z Zhasnakunov, Z Kelgenbaeva, R Adil Akai Tegin, D Syrgakbek kyzy, T Doolotkeldieva, S Bobusheva and T Mashimo

Abstract

Pulsed plasma in liquid is a simple, ecologically friendly, cost-efficient method based on electrical discharge between two metal electrodes submerged into a dielectric liquid. We synthesized carbon-encapsulated Fe (Fe@C) magnetic nanoparticles with low cytotoxicity using pulsed plasma in a liquid. Body-centered cubic Fe core nanoparticles showed good crystalline structures with an average size between 20 and 30 nm were encapsulated in onion-like carbon coatings with a thickness of 2–10 nm. Thermal gravimetric analysis showed a high stability of the as-synthesized samples under thermal treatment and oxidation. Cytotoxicity measurements showed higher cancer cell viability than samples synthesized by different methods. Carbon coated ZnO nanorods with about 20 nm thickness and 150 nm length were synthesized by this method using different surfactant materials such as cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). Cu and Ag nanoparticles of about 10 nm in size were also synthesized by the pulsed plasma in aquatic solution of 0.2 % gelatine as surfactant material. These nanoparticles showed high antibacterial activity for Erwinia amylovora and Escherichia coli.

012077
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Some Calculated Research Results of the Working Process Parameters of the Low Thrust Rocket Engine Operating on Gaseous Oxygen-Hydrogen Fuel

V Ryzhkov and I Morozov

Abstract

The paper presents the calculating results of the combustion products parameters in the tract of the low thrust rocket engine with thrust P ~ 100 N. The article contains the following data: streamlines, distribution of total temperature parameter in the longitudinal section of the engine chamber, static temperature distribution in the cross section of the engine chamber, velocity distribution of the combustion products in the outlet section of the engine nozzle, static temperature near the inner wall of the engine. The presented parameters allow to estimate the efficiency of the mixture formation processes, flow of combustion products in the engine chamber and to estimate the thermal state of the structure.

012078
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Measurements and Experimental Database Review for Laminar Flame Speed Premixed Ch4/Air Flames

I A Zubrilin, S S Matveev, S G Matveev and D V Idrisov

Abstract

Laminar flame speed (SL ) of CH4 was determined at atmospheric pressure and initial gas temperatures in range from 298 to 358 K. The heat flux method was employed to measure the flame speed in non-stretched flames. The kinetic mechanism GRI 3.0 [1] were used to simulate SL . The measurements were compared with available literature results. The data determined with the heat flux method agree with some previous burner measurements and disagree with the data from some vessel closed method and counterflow method. The GRI 3.0 mechanism was able to reproduce the present experiments. Laminar flame speed was determined at pressures range from of 1 to 20 atmospheres through mechanism GRI 3.0. Based on experimental data and calculations was obtained SL dependence on pressure and temperature. The resulting of dependence recommended use during the numerical simulation of methane combustion.

012079
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
A Comprehensive Solution of the Problems of Ensuring the Strength of Gas Turbine Engine Compressor at the Design Stage

V V Vedeneev, M E Kolotnikov, P A Mossakovskii, L A Kostyreva, F A Abdukhakimov, P V Makarov, A A Pyhalov and M A Dudaev

Abstract

In this paper we present a complex numerical workflow for analysis of blade flutter and high-amplitude resonant oscillations, impenetrability of casing if the blade is broken off, and the rotor reaction to the blade detachment and following misbalance, with the assessment of a safe flight possibility at the auto-rotation regime. All the methods used are carefully verified by numerical convergence study and correlations with experiments. The use of the workflow developed significantly improves the efficiency of the design process of modern jet engine compressors. It ensures a significant reduction of time and cost of the compressor design with the required level of strength and durability.

012080
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Development of Row of Vibration Insulators and its Mathematical Models on a Base of Common Multi-parameter Scheme of Element Axial Line

Yury K. Ponomarev

Abstract

The mathematical model of deformation of a cable (rope) vibration insulator consisting of two identical clips connected by means of elastic elements of a complex axial line is developed in detail. The axial line of the element is symmetric relatively to the horizontal axis of the shape and is made up of five rectilinear sections of arbitrary length a, b, c, conjugated to four radius sections with parameters R1 and R2 with angular extent 90°. On the basis of linear representations of the theory of bending and torsion of mechanics of materials, applied mechanics and linear algebra, a mathematical model of loading of an element and a vibration insulator as a whole in the direction of the vertical Y axis has been developed. Generalized characteristics of the friction and elastic forces for an elastic element with a complete set of the listed sections are obtained. Further, with the help of nullification in the generalized model of the characteristics of certain parameters, special cases of friction and elastic forces are obtained without taking into account the nullified parameters. Simultaneously, on the basis of the 3D computer-aided design system, volumetric models of simplified structures were created, given in the work. It is shown that, with the help of a variation of the five parameters of the axial scheme of the element, in combination with the variation of the moment of inertia of the rope section and the number of elements entering the ensemble, the load characteristics and stiffness of the vibration insulators can be changed tens and hundreds of times. This opens up unlimited possibilities for the optimal design of vibration protection systems in terms of weight characteristics, in cost, in terms of vibration intensity, in overall dimensions in different directions, which is very important for aerospace and transport engineering.

012081
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
Development of Structure and Characteristics Calculation Method for Γ- shape Rope Vubration Insulator

Yury K. Ponomarev

Abstract

The paper gives an overview of the design of rope vibration insulators with elastic elements of the center line in the form of two rectilinear and one curved section. In the Russian-language scientific literature this type of rope vibration insulators received a stable name "Γ-shaped vibration insulators" by analogy with the shape of the letter "gamma-Γ" of the Greek alphabet and a similar letter of the Cyrillic alphabet. Despite the wide using of vibration insulators designed on this shape, its mathematical calculation model has not yet been developed. In this connection, in this article, for the first time on the basis of the "Method of Forces" and the "Mohr Method", an analytical technique has been developed for calculating the characteristics of a vibration insulator in the directions of three mutually perpendicular axes. In addition, the article proposes a new structure of a vibration insulator consisting of several tiers of elements of this type, based on a new patented technology for manufacturing quasi-continuous woven rings, proposed by the author of this article in co-authorship with several employees of the Samara National Research University. Simple formulas are obtained for calculating the load characteristics in three mutually perpendicular directions. This makes it possible to calculate the corresponding stiffness and natural frequencies of mechanical vibration protection systems. It is established that the stiffness of the vibration insulator in the direction of the Z axis is greater than the stiffness in the X and Y axis directions, however, if a vibration insulator with equal, or close to equal characteristics, along three axes has to be designed according to the technical specification, this can be done by selecting the parameters included in the equations given in article for load characteristics.

012082
The following article is OPEN ACCESS
The Problem of Ensuring Reliability of Gas Turbine Engines

Yu A Nozhnitsky

Abstract

Requirements to advanced engines for civil aviation are discussing. Some significant problems of ensuring reliability of advanced gas turbine engines are mentioned. Special attention is paid to successful utilization of new materials and critical technologies. Also the problem of excluding failure of engine part due to low cycle or high cycle fatigue is discussing.